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01 Mar 2018
python技巧分享(八)

这是一个系列文章,主要分享python的使用建议和技巧,每次分享3点,希望你能有所收获。

1 pip安装指定版本号的包

$ pip install redis==2.7.4
OK
CLOSED
Collecting redis==2.7.4
Installing collected packages: redis
Successfully installed redis-2.7.4
$ pip uninstall redis
OK
CLOSED
Uninstalling redis-2.7.4:
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis-2.7.4.dist-info/DESCRIPTION.rst
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis-2.7.4.dist-info/INSTALLER
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis-2.7.4.dist-info/METADATA
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis-2.7.4.dist-info/RECORD
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis-2.7.4.dist-info/WHEEL
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis-2.7.4.dist-info/metadata.json
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis-2.7.4.dist-info/top_level.txt
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/__init__.py
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/__init__.pyc
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/_compat.py
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/_compat.pyc
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/client.py
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/client.pyc
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/connection.py
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/connection.pyc
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/exceptions.py
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/exceptions.pyc
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/utils.py
  /opt/python-2.7.10/lib/python2.7/site-packages/redis/utils.pyc
Proceed (y/n)? y
  Successfully uninstalled redis-2.7.4
$ pip install redis==2.7.6
OK
CLOSED
Collecting redis==2.7.6
Installing collected packages: redis
Successfully installed redis-2.7.6

未安装redis包时,运行pip install redis -v命令,可以看到所有可用版本的redis包,这里先安装redis-2.7.4,卸载后,再安装redis-2.7.6。

2 以脚本形式运行python模块

$ python -m timeit -s 'import time' -n 1 'time.sleep(0.88)'
1 loops, best of 3: 881 msec per loop

通过python的-m选项,将timeit模块以脚本方式直接运行。这段代码意思是计算time.sleep(0.88)的运行时间,由输出可以看到,运行时间为881毫秒。

3 python快速启动一个web服务器

root@master:conf$ python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8080
Serving HTTP on 0.0.0.0 port 8080 ...

在本机浏览器中输入http://localhost:8080/,会看到命令启动路径下的所有文件及目录,单击文件可以直接下载,很适合用于将目录分享出去,供其他人访问。



LEo at 00:05

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